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            The Parish Church of St. Mary,

           Penwortham

The thickness of the debris indicates a long period of use, but it would seem that subsequently the level was raised another five feet by the addition of two layers of and, and again to the present height by piling on sand, clay and humus.

According to Taylor (1818), Castle Hill was in his time completely surround by a fosse.


Castle Hill is most likely a Norman Motte @ and Bailey (B) which has undergone some enlargement, and it may have been built on a site used by the Saxons and Romans. In the course of time, its shape has been rounded off, so that the fosse on the north and west side has been filled in. Also part of the east side of the earthwork has fallen away after being undermined by the side-stream of the river. The now overgrown spiral path may have been added in the 19th century to enhance the value of the hill as a viewpoint, as was suggested by those who excavated the hill in 1967.


Possibly used in connection with the Courts Leet and Baron known to have been  held on the site, the sloping plateau of Hangman's Hillock may have formed a second, outer Bailey.


Some of the items discovered during the 1856 excavation are listed below. Most are Norman or later, except that there is a slight chance that the barrel padlock key is Roman.  But the fact that no Roman pottery fragments were found militates against the idea that the site is Roman.




















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Index

1
Iron prick spur; c12
2
Oak handle paddle or spade
3
Iron barrel padlock key c13, c14 or Roman
4
Nails and a rivet
5
Clench bolt
6
Treenail
7
Parts of shoes
8
Wicker basket
9
Pieces of lead (net weights ?)
10
Hazel loop (spindle whorl /)
11
Decorated u-shaped pieces of bronze
12
Bone and madrepore amulets
13
Part of bone knife handle
14
Carved antlet